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Inticahuarina Spanish Language School - Learn Spanish in Cusco PeruInticahuarina Spanish Language School - Learn Spanish in Cusco Peru


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Alice Smith
Alice Smith Watson
Thank you to everyone!! It was a beautiful time
 the teachers were so much fun and everyone gave me whatever i needed. When I come back to Cuzco I will definitely come to say hi to everyone! Good Luck!!

» Inti Raymi

The "Inti Raymi" or "Festividad of the Sun" was the festividad greatest, more important, spectacular and magnificent carried out in the pre-Hispanic times. It was aimed to render cultured to the "Apu Inti" (God Sun) also known in certain sectors like "Apu P'unchau" (God Day). it is made the 21 of June every year, that is to say, in the winter solstice of the Hemisphere Of the south, in the Main Seat of the great Qosqo. In the Andean Mythology it was considered that Incas are the descendants of the Sun, therefore, they had to render to him cultured with a sumptuous celebration annually.

The festividad was carried out at the end of the harvest of potatoes, maize to thank for to the Sun the abundant harvests or on the other hand to request the good harvests during the next station. In addition, during the solstices when the Sun is located vice versa in the Earth point furthermost or, in this date the Quechuas had to make the rituals to request to the Sun that did not leave its children. The preparations had to be carried out in the Qorikancha (the Temple of the Sun), in the Aqllawasi (the House of Selected Women), and in the Haukaypata or Wakaypata that were the northeastern sector of the great greater seat. Some days before the ceremony all the population had to practice uninformed and sexual abstinence. Before the dawn the 21 of June. the nobility cusqueña presided over by the Inca and the Willaq Uma (the High Priest), was located in the Haukaypata (the portion of the ceremonial one of the Seat), the remaining noble population were put in the Kusipata (the portion of the southwest). To the east the "Mallki" (momias of noble ancestors) was engaged in and they were located in the privileged sectors so that they could give testimony of the ceremony.

When coming out of the sun the population had to greet the Sun God with "much'ay symbolically" ("moka "in its Spanish form) sending offered full kisses with the digital ends forwards. After all the people sang the connected solemn cánticos in a low voice transforms themselves into "taky of wakay" (the llorosas songs), thus arriving at climax emotional and religious. Like consequence, the Son of the Sun (Inca), lodged his two golden ceremonial glasses of table called "akilla" that contains "Aqha" (chicha = the maize beer) fact within the Aqllawasi.

The drink of the glass of table in the right hand is offered to the Sun and then it enters a golden channel that communicates the Seat with the Temple of the Sun. The Inca drank I suck of chicha of the other glass of table, and the rest was drunk to sorbos by the noble that were near him. Later, chicha offered to each crew member. Some historians suggest this ceremony began within the Qorikancha in the presence of the representation of the Sun that was very polished gold fact that when coming out of the sun it was reflected with an overwhelming brightness. Later the Inka along with its séquito passed towards the great Seat through the "Intik'iqllu" or "the Street of the Sun" (street of present Loreto) to give testimony of the sacrifice of the flame. During this more important religious ceremony the Inca cronometra the acts the High Priest had to make the offering of sacrifice of a black or white flame completely. With a golden knife ceremonial sharpened "Tumi" it had to open the chest of the animal and with its hands to take the trembling heart, lungs and vísceras, to observe those elements and thus to be able to predict the future. Later, the animal and its parts completely were incinerated. After the sacrifice, the High Priest had to produce the "Sacred Fire". Remaining in front of the Sun he he had to obtain his rays in medallón of a concave gold that contained some smooth or oily material to produce the fire. As consequence the priests offered "Sanqhu" was something as a "bread santo" prepared of the maize flour and blood of the sacrificed flame; its consumption was completely religious.

Once all the phases ritual of the Inti Raymi were finished, all the crew members were located in the sector of the Seat of the southwest named "Kusipata" ("Sector of Joy "at the moment the Seat Rejoicing) where after feeding itself, entertained the people with music, dances and abundant chicha.

Nowadays, the Inti Raymi is organized annually in Saqsaywaman, the day of San Juan, day 24 of June. That same day also is the "Day of of the Indian" or "Day of the Farmer" in Peru. The Inti Raymi settled down in the calendar of festividad of the Qosqo from 1.944 thanks to the enthusiasm of Dr Cusqueño. Humberto Vidal Unda.

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