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Alice Smith
Alice Smith Watson
Thank you to everyone!! It was a beautiful time
 the teachers were so much fun and everyone gave me whatever i needed. When I come back to Cuzco I will definitely come to say hi to everyone! Good Luck!!

» Corpus Christi

The "Corpus Christi" is the festividad that occupies an important place in the calendar of festividad of the city; she is one of the religious celebrations more pomposas in the country.

For this opportunity the city is very well attended by the people who come from many other regions. The origins of this festividad return to 1.247 when in San Michael de Lieja (Belgium) he was first famous one. "the Corpus Cristi" that means "Body of Jesus Christ" was instituted to commemorate the institution of "Eucaristía solemnly Santa" who in addition the body to Jesus represented Christ. Thursday after eighth of the Pentecostés takes, that is to say, the next Thursday after the festividad of the Trinidad Santa who is Thursday that Santo tells to nine weeks after Thursday. One settled down in officially walks Peruvian after 1.533 but instituted in Qosqo by the Virrey Toledo in 1,572, by means of his "famous Decrees".

In the pre-Hispanic times there were important festividades every month of the year. The Quechuas was characterized being a society of happy culture and relatively balanced that it had the celebrations related to his main activity and its hereditary divinities. It is evident that the great festividad in the days of the Inkas was the "Inti Raymi" (the Festividad of the Sun), made exactly during the Winter Solstice in the Hemisphere Of the south, is to say 21 of June every year. This religious celebration was developed in the Main Seat of the city that honors the "Tayta Inti" (the Sun Father) and in the presence of "mallki" of all its children, momias of all Kings de Inka, as well as of some other ancestors. Those momias rich took in procession dressed in so many jewels and adornments upon special sweepings or vehicles done in with precious metals ("mallki "the cult was well-known like" Onqoy Mita").

After the religious people of the ceremony had a celebration with much food, drinks and dances in the other sector of the same Seat. The Conquerors arrived immediately at Qosqo in 1,533 and after they instituted the Corpus Cristi but they were after almost 40 years that were the official make to change to the "pagan" the festividad of "Indians", that accidentally was made by the same date. He was requested that all native and the their heads must participate actively in the celebrations, while carrying out two or three ritual sweepings of each parish, standards and some other elements. The "Indians" were forced to attend the procession in order to "avoids the embriaguez", etc. Garcilaso Inca of the Fertile valley that was an eyewitness of the Corpus Cristi during the first years of the Colony wrote that in the mentioned procession participated by Quechuas noble of all the region escorted by his relatives and all the nobility of his provinces, "... they brought all the decorations, ornamentos, and devices that Incas for their great celebrations used by the time of the kings. Each tribe brought the shields of arms of the family of which the reduction was boasted.

Some came dresses from lion-skin, when Hercules paints itself, with their heads in the head of the lion, since they demand the reduction of these animals. Others had the wings of a bird very great call cuntur fixed in their shoulders, when the wings of angels are in the pictures, for him was of this bird that they boasted to descend. Similar others came with the painted devices, like springs, rivers, lakes, mountains, brezos, and caves that they thought that from his earlier ancestors they had arisen. Others had strange devices and gold dresses and laminates of silver, or took to the gold crowns or argenta, or appeared like the monsters with horrified masks... ". Elsewhere of the eighth book of his General History of Peru he says, "the Indians of each allocation marched further on with his floaters and accompanied by her relatives and friends, all singing in the special language of her province, not in the general language of the capital, thus each tribe could be separately. They played drums, flautas, horns, and other rustic. In many cases the women of the province accompanied the men singing and playing ".

It is indubitable that everything what is Inca and specially the Inti Raymi had a strong influence in the development of this festividad in the colonial times. Interpreting what it was described by Garcilaso he it deduces that for the Incas present the hereditary Gods always were speech on the fingimientos and emblems with the forms of "lions" that talk about pumas, cóndores, sources or "phaqchas", the lakes, the hills, the mountains, the caves, etc.; that is to say, divine elements of the Andean Panteísmo.

The Quechuas chose to their Gods masking them like the Virgins and Saints. Thus, the "Mother of Pacha" was considered that (Mother Earth) imagined by the Maria Virgin and I identify myself sometimes like "Killa Mother" to (Mother Moon). The "Tayta Inti" (Father Sun) normally was not represented with an aureole but if with a sun around its head. The "Illapa" that the God formed by the lightning and thunder, etc. on the other hand are obvious that the Andean man was perplex.

The catholic Priests who know that the mountains were considered as the special divinities put the crossings in their peaks, so that, the Quechuas due to that colonial religious pressure had to render to him cultured to keep to the crossings hidden with the respect a present and adoration towards the "Apu" from the mountain. Surviving until today the theoretical belief although officially he has defended himself that Peru is a catholic Country, actually; the religion nonsingle Inca is in the andes of Peru, also in Bolivia and Ecuador.

Today, the festividad of the Corpus Cristie is important between the common population of the parishes different from the Qosqo. Many weeks even begin the preparations and months beforehand so that there is a traditional organization taken by the butler or "carguyoq". He is the person who accepted the position, responsibility or obligation to allow the luxury of most of the expenses of the festividad. Those expenses include among others of articles, new clothes for the Virgin of the Parish, musica or "q'aperos" that will escort the procession, the food for the guests, rum, chicha and beer, memories, etc. In many cases the expenses are shared with some other people who committed themselves to do that by means of "hurk'a", that is to say, the system so that it is visited the people with enormous integral breads like the gifts so that accepting them, they will commit themselves to give or to pay something by the celebration.

Wednesday, is the day before the Corpus Cristi, is the "entrance" of Saints and Virgins. They leave their parishes in procession escorted by the priest, neighbors, butlers. These last ones take in their chests "bands" that are distinguishing or standards done in silver with the image of Santo or Virgin. The first procession goes towards the Cathedral where the image will be left until the next day. In this entrance of Saints there is a famous dispute undertaken by San Sebastián and San Jero'nimo the accompanying members of each one take to haste to their saints in order to arrive first a the Cathedral. At the beginning of the morning the image of San Jero'nimo leaves from the district of the same name approximately 10 km (6,2 miles), when arriving at San Sebastián the town approximately 5 km (3,1 miles) the image of the town already is in the way, thus, they begin a crazy bullfight through the avenue of the culture towards the greater seat. In order to obtain to free way to their step the doormen who very are animated with a dose of the good alcohol uproars with the small branches and stones begin as results have manifold injuries.

The people of the greater seat of the different parishes raise adorned very great altars with mirrors, flags, flowers, branches of trees, and some images, etc. In old times those altars were more numerous and showy, adorned with the frontal colors of silver, the Cusqueñas paintings, statues, etc. Near the greater seat many retailers sell typical food symbolizing the crew members where the "Chiri traditional Uchu" uses or "Cold Pepper"; also one uses also "chicharrones" (pig meat), "anticuchos" (of cow heart), etc.; and sure industrial amounts of beer and chicha. After the entrance from images to the Cathedral, people will eat and drink freely. In the main day of Corpus Cristi there is much activity from the first hours in the morning.

Within the Cathedral there is many people for the different Saints and Virgins. Approximately to the 10:30 in the morning Archbishop of the city she makes a Obispal Mass ("Te-Deum") after have begun the procession sees the Tower Color of silver known like Baldaquin or "Templete" that supports in its central part the sun gilded of monstrance that represents the Sacrament Santo. The Floating Color of silver was constructed in 1,733 and has a cedar wood frame done that covers itself with plates of overcome silver. After the procession of Santo Sacramento, approximately at noon it is appraised the exit of the Saints and the Virgins in the greater seat where perhaps approximately 50 to 60 thousand people came together. The tradition has an order established for the procession, therefore the order of exit of images in the last years is as it follows:

  1. San Antonio de la parroquia de San Cristóbal.
  2. San Jerónimo de la parroquia de San Jeronimo.
  3. San Cristobal del San la parroquia de Cristobal.
  4. San Sebastián de la parroquia en el distrito del mismo nombre.
  5. Santa Barbara de la parroquia de Poroy.
  6. Santa Ana de la parroquia de Santa Ana.
  7. San Santiago de la parroquia mayor de Santiago.
  8. San Blas del San la parroquia de Blas.
  9. San Pedro de la parroquia de San Pedro.
  10. San José de la parroquia de Belen.
  11. La Virgen del nacimiento de la parroquia de Almudena.
  12. La Virgen de los remedios de la iglesia de Santa Catalina.
  13. La Virgen purificada de la parroquia San Pedro.
  14. La Virgen de Belén de la parroquia de Belen.
  15. La Virgen de Concepción Inmaculada también llamada "La Bonita" de la Catedral.

Después de la procesión de las imágenes, estas se guardan dentro de la Catedral dónde se quedarán hasta la "octava", es decir, ocho días después del Corpus Cristi. La "octava" día que se empieza con otra procesión del Santo Sacramento seguida por los Santos y Vírgenes que regresarán una vez a sus parroquias originales cuando la fiesta haya acabado. Ya estando en sus parroquias de las imagenes, en la efervescencia de la fiesta y durante la alegría con la música y alcohol, el nuevo majordomo o "carguyoq" se comprometerá para permitirse el lujo de los gastos de festividad durante el próximo año.

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