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Inticahuarina Spanish Language School - Learn Spanish in Cusco PeruInticahuarina Spanish Language School - Learn Spanish in Cusco Peru


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Alice Smith
Alice Smith Watson
Thank you to everyone!! It was a beautiful time
 the teachers were so much fun and everyone gave me whatever i needed. When I come back to Cuzco I will definitely come to say hi to everyone! Good Luck!!

» Velacuy Cross

The "Velacuy Cross" or "Watch de la Cruz" this festividad is annually carried out in the andes of Peru each 3 of May. Its primary target is to render cultured to the crossings that exist by hundreds in the city. This celebration is originated in the first decades of century XVIII, when it was relatively humble a private or familiar festividad and without the magnificencia that it has today.

The Cruz is the symbol of Cristiandad, also for the catholics is a representation of the passion of Jesus Christ. After the Spanish conquest, the Cross was one of the elements of fight of ideology to turn to the Americans the Cristiandad and also in the order to facilitate their submission, thus, their adoration and use were compulsive in the New World. After destroying the Inkas Sanctuaries them "You idolize Extirpadores" (the catholic Priests) had much well-taken care of putting the crossings instead of them. Although, of a simple way, the Andean people considered them like an element but of the cult for their religion of the panteísta. Takahiro Kato gives an example of that, and says, "In 1746, that is, approximately 35 years after it was inaugurated, in the church of San Francisco a group refused to participate in the celebration, because they did not agree with his principles the celebration had a very native ideological component. the Catholic Church refuses to only also kneads when letter against the Christian doctrine and so that the Velacuy Cross maintained some elements Andean; the celebration, without any doubt, would have been modified of an unfavorable way for the catholic Church".

Until half-full of this century the "Velacuy Cross" it did not have a real importance in the calendar of festividad of the city. According to Kato, it is from 1950, after the earthquake that devastated the city, that began gaining the popularity in the urban atmosphere. Previously this was considered a rural or own festividad of "Indians"; another reason for their almost general practice in the city would be the great migrations that existed in the last decades. The farmers arrive at the city with their practices and customs, thus, originally rural the Velacuy Cross became important more and more in the city of the Qosqo.

Here, two de la Cruz types basically are distinguished: the moving body and the immovable one. The movable crossings almost are made always of wood and during the ceremonies they can transport to diverse places. The immovable ones are carved generally in stone are done of concrete, and they are located almost always near the churches; due to their nature they cannot be transported, for that reason all the ceremonies are festejan in the place where the concrete Cross is located.

For the celebration of Cruces, there is normally a butler or "carguyoq" (that has the position), that is to say, the person who "voluntarily" accepted to organize and to allow the luxury of most of the expenses for the celebration. He is a man of good resources and owner of a house almost always where where an altar will be prepared to lodge the Cross. The 2 of May are the "day of reduction", that is to say, the day when the Cross is transferred in procession of the hill or sanctuary where it is located towards the house of the butler where it is received to him with all the traditional honors.

That same afternoon is the "watch" attended by all the district, the butler of the previous year the one that will be the next year, the relatives, friends etc. ignites fire and many candles in front of the altar and is diverse dances of people later, also some drinks with rum or pisco that the guests will drink all the night. To midnight a succulent broth of hen or lamb eats and the joy follows until very late with a band that touches the folksongs for all the guests who dance very happy and stimulated with much alcohol. That same eve the butler for the next year appears; the celebration is extended until the dawn.

The 3 of May are the "central day"; one gets dressed to the Cross in new clothes that donated the butler or some other member of the family and is celebrated an Andean catholic ritual in the nearest church, soon the Cross is taken in procession escorted by a band later returns the Cross to the house of the butler "load-wasi" or house of "carguyoq" where it is put once again in his altar. At noon the butlers offer a festividad lunch and during afternoon he follows the celebration with much drink, music and dances. The following day is "kacharpari" (good bye to the celebration) is carried out; during the morning and in afternoon the Cross in procession in the middle of music is transferred and dances to the place where it will remain until the next year that wrath to the house of the incoming butler.

A dark aspect of those celebrations (specially in the rural areas), is that the men and women drink alcohol too much, often until the inconciencia.

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